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byodGartner has drawn up a list of technologies and trends with the potential for significant impact on the enterprise in the next three years. Factors that denote significant impact include a high potential for disruption to IT or the business, the need for a major dollar investment, or the risk of being late to adopt.

“We have identified the top 10 technologies that companies should factor into their strategic planning processes,” said Gartner VP David Cearley. “This does not necessarily mean adoption and investment in all of the listed technologies, but companies should look to make deliberate decisions about them during the next two years,” added Cearley.

According to Gartner, the top 10 strategic technology trends for 2014 include:

1. Mobile device diversity and managementbyodtextThe unexpected consequence of bring your own device (BYOD) programs is a doubling or even tripling of the size of the mobile workforce. Enterprise policies on employee-owned hardware usageneed to be thoroughly reviewed and, where necessary, updated and extended.

2. Mobile apps and applications
Gartner predicts that through 2014, improved JavaScript performance will begin to push HTML5 and the browser as a mainstream enterprise application development environment. Gartner recommends that developers focus on creating expanded user interface models including richer voice and video that can connect people in new and different ways.

3. The Internet of Everything
The internet is expanding beyond PCs and mobile devices into enterprise assets such as field equipment, and consumer items such as cars and televisions. The problem is that most enterprises and technology vendors have yet to explore the possibilities of an expanded internet and are not operationally or organizationally ready.

4. Hybrid cloud and IT as service broker
Bringing together personal clouds and external private cloud services is an imperative. Enterprises should design private cloud services with a hybrid future in mind and make sure future integration/interoperability is possible.

5. Cloud/client architecture
The increasingly complex demands of mobile users will drive apps to demand increasing amounts of server-side computing and storage capacity.

6. The era of personal cloud
This will mark a power shift away from devices toward services. The specifics of devices will become less important for the organization to worry about, although the devices will still be necessary.

7. Software defined anything (SDx)interactiondesign SDx is a collective term that encapsulates the growing market momentum for improved standards for infrastructure programmability and data center interoperability driven by automation inherent to cloud computing, DevOps and fast infrastructure provisioning.

8. Web-scale IT
Web-scale IT is a pattern of global-class computing that delivers the capabilities of large cloud service providers – like Amazon, Google and Facebook — within an enterprise IT setting by rethinking positions across several dimensions.

9. Smart machines
Through 2020, the smart machine era will blossom with a proliferation of contextually aware, intelligent personal assistants, smart advisors (such as IBM Watson), advanced global industrial systems and public availability of early examples of autonomous vehicles.

10. 3-D printing
Worldwide shipments of 3D printers are expected to grow 75 percent in 2014 followed by a near doubling of unit shipments in 2015. 3dprinter